Produced and flowback waters contain salts and a host of other dissolved metals and minerals. Removing these substances, in a process known as desalination, can be an expensive, energy intensive exercise. There are a number of hurdles for using conventional RO processes for treating produced waters high energy (kWh) consumption and high cost ($$) limited ability to convert the salty water into fresh water (recovery) high probability of membrane fouling Inability to use RO when produced water has high-TDS concentrations.
Advancements in nano-engineering and materials science provide the tools by which H2O has designed and developed revolutionary new materials for separating dissolved inorganics (salts, minerals, metals) and organics (hydrocarbons, synthetic compounds) from complex mixtures.
Using nano-scale technology and advanced engineering, H2O has developed new membrane materials for a variety of desalination and hydrocarbon recovery applications.